Vitamin D and its Deficiency


What is Vitamin D?

Vitamin D is a vitamin important for good overall health and strong & healthy bones. Vitamin D is also known as Sunshine Vitamin. It is produced by our body in response to sunlight.

Why is Vitamin D so Important?

Vitamin D is essential for strong bones because it helps body use calcium from the diet. Vitamin D is effective for preventing & treating many conditions like

• Osteomalacia

• Low levels of Phosphate in blood

• Psoriasis

• Low blood calcium levels

• Helping prevent low calcium & bone loss

• Rickets

• Vitamin D deficiency

Sources of Vitamin D:

The main source of Vitamin D is Sunlight. Other sources include

1) Oily Fish ( Herring, trout, tuna, salmon)

2) Fortified foods (Margarine, some Cereals)

3) Cod liver oil

4) Egg yolk, Liver & wild mushrooms

Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency:

a) Inadequate exposure to sunlight

b) Vitamin D Malabsorption syndrome

c) Inadequate consumption of recommended levels of vitamin

d) Dark skin

e) Obesity

f) Kidneys not converting Vitamin D to its active form

Symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency:

• Fatigue

• General muscle pain & weakness

• Muscle cramps

• Joint pain

• Chronic pain

• Weight gain

• High BP

• Restless sleep

• Poor concentration

• Headaches

• Bladder problems

• Constipation/Diarrhea

How do we Diagnose Vitamin D deficiency?

– Initial diagnosis is from medical history, symptoms or life style

– Simple blood test for Vitamin D level

– Blood test for calcium & phosphate levels & liver function


– Sun Exposure- Sensible sun exposure for 10-15 minutes between 10AM and 3.00PM produce Vitamin D in skin that may last twice as long in the blood

– Diet- Consume foods rich in Vitamin D

– Vitamin D supplements

Vitamin D deficiency is a part of General Orthopedics which should not be ignored.

Tags: General Orthopedic

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