As many as 90% of person with occupational non specific low back pain are able to return to work in a relatively short period of time.
Non-speciﬁc low back pain is deﬁned as low back pain not attributable to a recognizable, known speciﬁc pathology (eg, infection, tumour, osteoporosis, lumbar spine fracture, structural deformity, inﬂammatory disorder,radicular syndrome, or cauda equina syndrome).
Acute – less than 6 wks
Sub Acute – 6 wks to 12 wks
Chronic – 12 wks or more
Lumbar sprain or strain
Factors for Chronic Non Specific LBA
Low back pain (With leg pain or without leg pain) Muscle Tension Stiffness (Localized) – Below the costal margin or Above the Inferion gluteal fold
Physical Therapy Management
To reduce the inflammation IFT/Laser
To reduce the muscle spasm JFT/SWD
To reduce the localized pain UST
Rest Avoid Prolonged sitteig Practice sidelying position (While getting up from the bed) Avoid forward bending activities Avoid long distance travelling Relaxation (To relieve the stress) Maintanence of good posture
Apart from the electrical Modalities, ergonomical advice “Muscle Rehabiltation Program” plays the major role.