Fibromyalgia, also called
fibrositis,is a chronic,widespread pain in muscles and soft tissues surrounding
the joins through out the body,accompained by fatigue. The disease is fairly
common,affecting mostly females. Although its symptoms are similar to other
joint diseases,such as arthritis fibromyalgia is actually a form of soft tissue
or muscular rheumatism that causes pain in the muscles and soft tissues.
Fibromyalgia is more prevalent In women of child bearing age. Fibromyalgia is
one of several pain syndromes included in the classification Of musculoskeletal
pain syndrome (MSPS),or pain amplification syndrome.
What causes or triggers
Although the causes of fibromyalgia
is unknown, researches believe there may Be a linkwith sleep disturbance.
Psychological stress, or immune, endocrine,or biochemical abnormalities.
Fibromyalgia mainly affects the muscles attach to the bone( at the ligaments
What are the symptoms of
Pain is the most common and chronic
symptoms of fibromyalgia. Pain may begin in one area of the body, such as the
neck and shoulders, but eventually the entire body may become affected. The
pain ranges from mild to serve and May be described as
burning,soreness,stiffness,aching, or gnawing pain. Fibromyalgia usually is
associated with characteristic tender spots of pain in the muscles. The
following are other common symptoms of fibromyalgia. However
Each individual may experience
symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
Moderate to serve fatigue.
Decreased exercise endurance.
Sleep problems at night.
Abdominal pain and bloating
Diarrhea, alternated with constipation.
The symptoms of fibromyalgia may
resemble other medical conditions or problems.
How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?
There are no laboratory tests that can
confirm a diagnosis of fibromyalgia. Instead, diagnosis is usually based on
What is the treatment of
Although there’s no cure for
fibromyalgia, the disease can often be successfully managed with proper
treatment, as fibromyalgia doesn’t cause damage to tissues. Treatment may
Anti-inflammatory medications (to relieve pain and
Duloxetine ,pregabalin,and milnacipran,which are
medications that are approved specifically for treating fibromyalgia.
Exercise and physical therapy ( to stretch muscles and
improve cardiovascular fitness)